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4. 1968 II - Arte Povera

The 1960s saw society being transformed by profound social change, and these same years saw the emergence of Alighiero Boetti, Pier Paolo Calzolari, Luciano Fabro, Giulio Paolini, Giuseppe Penone and Gilberto Zorio on the artistic scene. At the end of the decade, Germano Celant gathered them under the name of Arte Povera, and also included Giovanni Anselmo, Jannis Kounellis, Mario e Marisa Merz, Pino Pascali, Michelangelo Pistoletto and Emilio Prini under the same title.

In international terms, Arte Povera is the most famous and most influential Italian art movement of the late 20th century, marked by the sweeping aside of limits of space and time and the accomplished form of the artwork in favour of a greater focus on the processes, on the intrinsic value of materials, on nature and the senses as a possibility of life and not of representation.

Although not part of the group, some of the work by Eliseo Mattiacci, Hidetoshi Nagasawa, Marco Gastini, Luigi Mainolfi and Claudio Parmiggiani, is similar in approach to that of Arte Povera.