Italiano - English
HOME > Permanent Collection > 7. Arcangeli: l'Ultimo naturalismo

Permanent Collection

7. Arcangeli: l'Ultimo naturalismo

A leading figure in Bolognese culture, Francesco Arcangeli was the Galleria d’Arte Moderna’s director from 1958 to 1968. During his mandate, many important works were acquired, chosen to document both the preferences and tastes prevalent in the period and those developments that the critic sensed offered the greatest promise. Much space was given to regional art, but there was no lack of attention to eminent Italian and foreign artists, including Roberto Sebastian Matta, Renato Guttuso, Alberto Burri, Leoncillo and Antoni Tàpies. Among Arcangeli’s most significant critical contributions are two famous articles published in “Paragone” in the 1950s, which gave an umbrella term – “Ultimi naturalisti” – to some painters from northern Italy: Pompilio Mandelli, Mattia Moreni, Ennio Morlotti, Sergio Vacchi, Sergio Romiti and Vasco Bendini. The scholar highlighted the capacity to transfer sensations derived from a contemplation of nature to gesture and paint. This particular branch of Informal art involved such artists as Ilario Rossi and the early Mario Nanni. The care taken to highlight the distinctive traits of a manner by linking it to the overall history of art also characterises the study Arcangeli dedicated to his friend, Giorgio Morandi. In 1961, he acquired a group of engravings by the artist for the Galleria d’Arte Moderna, forming the first nucleus that would subsequently expand to become the richest public collection of the artist’s œuvre.
This trait d'union characterizes also the itinerary which continues with the section dedicated to Morandi in the second part of the Manica Lunga (a long hallway of the museum).